VAROS 107/107 Optic Basics
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Specifications 107
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Retrofitting

Specifications TV analyzer VAROS 107 and VAROS 107 Optic.

Please find the current manual as download with all detailed specs.

Frequency range

TV: 868–1,214 MHz (Version Optic) – Frequency input/channel input
FM (VHF): 87.4–108.2MHz
RC (Return channel): 5–65 MHz
EMI: 45–868 MHz
Resolution in all measuring ranges 50 kHz

Operation

Silicone keyboard with switchable illumination (10er keyboard)
Monitor: 5.7″ TFT, VGA resolution (640 × 480)
User Prompting: via OSD (On Screen Display) in german and english
Audio reproduction: built-in loudspeaker for stereo

RF input

IEC socket: 75 Ω (DIN 45325)
Return loss: >12 dB (5–1,214 MHz)
RF sumpower: max. 500 mW (5–1,214 MHz)
External voltage: max. 70 Veff (DC – 50 Hz)

Input attenuator

0–60 dB in 2 dB increment

Level range

Measuring ranges
TV: 20-120 dBµV
FM :20-120 dBµV
RK: 25-120 dBµV
Resolution: 0.1 dB
Measuring accuracy: ± 1.5 dB (at 20 °C) warm-up time > 5 min. / ± 2.0 dB (0 °C–40 °C) warm-up time > 5 min.

Measuring bandwidth
TV analog: Video carrier 200 kHz / Audio carrier 200 kHz
DVB-C: 4 MHz, 1 MHz or 200 kHz dependent on bandwidth symbol rate
FM: 200 kHz
RC: 1 MHz, 200 kHz or 90 kHz dependent on bandwidth symbol rate setting
EMI: 200 kHz (EMI=Electro Magnetic Interference Measurement)

Acoustic level trend indicator can beswitched on/off

Analyzer

Measuring bandwidth (RBW(-3 dB))
TV: 4 MHz, 1 MHz, 200 kHz, 90 kHz
FM: 200 kHz, 90 kHz
RC: 200 kHz, 90 kHz

Span (frequency segment)
TV: total range 250 MHz, 100 MHz, 50 MHz, 25 MHz
FM: total range 10 MHz
RK: total range 20 MHz

MAX hold function
Switch directly between analyzer mode and receiver mode

TV analog

Television standards: B/G, D/K, L, I, M/N
Color standards: PAL, NTSC, SECAM
Sound demodulator: Soundcarrier 1 and 2 – Decoding of MONO, STEREO and dual sound broadcasts
Sound carrier measurement: Sound carrier 1 and 2 relative to the video carrier ,in dB
Resolution 0.1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB

DVB-C and EURO-DOCSIS

QAM demodulator (per ETS 300163)
Symbolrates: 0.5–7.2 MSym/s
Modulation scheme: 16, 32, 64, 128 and 256 QAM

Measuring parameters (per ETR 290)
BER: 1,00 × 10-8 or 1,00 × 10-9
MER: up to 38 dB / Resolution 0.1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB
PE (Packet Errors): to 4 × 109 – counts packet errors from the beginning of the measurement
Noise Margin, NM up to 29 dB (depends on modulation)

J83B (US-DOCSIS)

QAM demodulator (per ITU-T J83B)
Symbol rates: 5.057, 5.361 MSym/s
Modulation scheme: 64, 256 QAM
Deinterleaver depths: I=8 J=16, 16/8, 32/4, 64/2, 128/1

Mearuring parameters (per ETR 290)
VBER (per Viterbi): 1,00 × 10-8
MER: up to 40 dB / Resolution 0.1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB
PE (Packet Errors): to 4 × 109 – counts packet errors from the beginning of the measurement

Noise Margin, NM up to 17 dB (depends on modulation)
Scanfunction

DOCSIS 3.0 analyzer

Downstream demodulator
US-DOCSIS see J83B
Euro-DOCSIS see DVB-C

Upstream modulator (DOCSIS 3.0)
Modulation scheme: QPSK, 16 QAM, 32 QAM, 64 QAM, 128 QAM (only S-CDMA)
Symbol rates: 160, 320, 640, 1280, 2,560, 5,120 kSym/s
Acces method: TDMA, A-TDMA, S-CDMA
Frequency: 5–65 MHz
Encryption: BPI/BPI+

Level
Receive level: minimum 50 dBµV
Transmission: maximum 114 dBµV
Measuring accuracy: ± 1.5 dB (at 20 °C) / ± 2.0 dB (0 °C–40 °C)

Continuous ranging (synchronisation with CMTS)
Continuous analysis of downstream/upstream level

Evaluation of the upstream equalizer parameters
Downstream channel utilization (DF = dutyfactor)
IP synchronisation
Skalable PING test
Time slice analysis
Graphical representation of channel bundling for downstream and upstream

Channel Bonding
8 × Downstream (must be within 64 MHz)
4 × Upstream

Scanfunction

DOCSIS 3.1

Downstream demodulator
US-DOCSIS see J83B
Euro-DOCSIS see DVB-C
OFDM: 4k oder 8k FFT, Bandwidth bis 192 MHz
Frequency: 108 MHz / 258 MHz—1,218 MHz (switchable diplexer)

Upstream modulator
Frequency range: 5 MHz—85 MHz / 204 MHz
Modulation: OFDM (2 K and 4 K FFT)
QPSK, 8QAM, 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, 128QAM, 256QAM (only S-CDMA)
Symbol rates: 160, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5120 kSym/s
Acces method: TDMA, A-TDMA, S-CDMA, OFDMA
Channel Bandwidth: up to 96 MHz
Encryption: BPI/BPI+

Level
Receive level: minimum 50 dBµV
Transmission: maximum 114 dBµV
Measuring accuracy: ± 1.5 dB (at 20 °C) / ± 2.0 dB (0 °C—40 °C)

Continuous ranging (synchronisation with CMTS)
Continuous analysis of downstream/upstream level

Evaluation of the upstream equalizer parameters
Downstream channel utilization (DF = dutyfactor)
IP synchronisation
Skalable PING test
Speedtest with FTP Server at CMTS
Time slice analysis
Graphical representation of channel bundling for downstream and upstream

Channel Bonding
32 × QAM downstream and 2 × OFDM downstream
8 × QAM upstream and 2 × OFDM upstream (5—85MHz / 204MHz)
MER(f) at OFDM downstreams
Level(f) at OFDM downstreams
Evaluation of PLC parameters (OFDM downstreams)

Scanfunction

Upstream signal generator DOCSIS 3.1

Generating test signals feed in the return path to assess the quality of the return channel performance

Number of carriers
1 to 8 QAM modulated or 1 OFDM (up to 96 MHz, free scaleable)

Upstream-Modulator
Modulation scheme: OFF (CW), QPSK, 16 QAM, 64 QAM, 256 QAM, OFDM
Symbol rates: 320, 640, 1.280, 2.560, 5.120 kSymb/s
Encryption: PRBS
Transmission: 70—112 dBμV / Resolution 1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1 dB
Transmitting frequency: 5—85 / 204 MHz, Resolution 100 kHz

MER: ≥ 43 dB

DVB-T

COFDM demodulator (per ETS 300744)
Bandwidth: 6, 7, 8 MHz
FFT : 2k, 8k
Modulation scheme: QPSK, 16 QAM, 64 QAM
Guard intervals: 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32

Measuring parameters (per ETR 290)
CBER (before Viterbi): 1.00 × 10-6
VBER (after Viterbi): 1.00 × 10-8
MER: up to 35 dB

PE (Packet Errors): to 4 × 109 – counts packet errors from the beginning of the measurement
Impulse response: attenuation relative to the primary impulse 0–40 dB / Delay relative to the primary impulse in μs or km

Noise Margin (NM) up to 10 dB
Scan function

DVB-T2

COFDM demodulator (per ETS 302755)
Bandwidth: 6, 7, 8 MHz
FFT: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k
Modulation scheme: QPSK, 16 QAM, 64 QAM, 256 QAM
Guard intervals: 1/4, 19/128, 1/8, 19/256, 1/16, 1/32, 1/128
Pilot pattern: PP1 … PP8

Measuring parameters (per ETR 290)
CBER (before LDPC): 1.00 × 10-6
VBER (after LDPC): 1.00 × 10-8
MER: up to 35 dB

PE (Packet Errors): to 4 × 109 – counts packet errors from the beginning of the measurement
Impulse response: Attenuation relative to the primary impulse 0–40 dB / Delay relative to the primary impulse in μs or km

Noise Margin (NM) up to 10 dB
Scan function

DTMB (China-Norm)

Demodulator (per GB20600-2006)
Bandwidth: 8 MHz
Carrier mode: Single carrier modulation (C1) / Multiple carrier modulation OFDM (C3780)
Modulation scheme: 4 QAM, 4 QAM_NR, 16 QAM, 32 QAM, 64 QAM
Guard intervals: PN420v, PN595c, PN945v, PN420c, PN945c
FEC: 0,4 / 0,6 / 0,8
Time interleave: M_240, M_720

Measuring parameters (per ETR 290)
CBER (before DPC): 1.00 × 10-6
VBER (after DPC): 1.00 × 10-8
MER: up to 35 dB / Resolution 0.1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB

PE (Packet Errors): to 4 × 109 – counts packet errors from the beginning of the measurement
Impulse response: attenuation relative to the primary impulse 0–40 dB / Delay relative to the primary impulse in μs or km

Scan function

S/N measuring

On analogue video signals: Evaluated measurement according to CCIR 569
Source: TV analogue
Measuring range: 40–55 dB / Resolution 0.1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB

FM (VHF)

MONO/STEREO indicator
RDS (Radio Data System): Station name
Scanfunction

MPEG-2/-4/-HEVC/-AVS decoder

NIT evaluation
Display of MPEG video parameters
Video bit rate measurement in Mbit/s

Video decoding
MPEG-2 (ISO/IEC 13818-2)
MPEG-4 AVC (ISO/IEC 14496-10)
H.264
H.265
AVS/AVS+

Audio decoding
MPEG-2 (ISO/IEC 13818-3)
MPEG-2 AAC (ISO/IEC 13818-7)
MPEG-4 AAC (ISO/IEC 14496-3)
Dolby Digital: AC-3, Dolby Digital Plus
DAB/DAB+: audio decoding

Chinese character set GB2312

CI (Common Interface)

1 × CI slot
Presentation of card menu

Interfaces

DVI
Digital video output for connecting a TV device with a DVI/HDMI input.
Output impedance: 100 Ω
Difference outputlevel: typ. 1 Vpp

USB-A
USB-A socket for datalogger and software update USB 2.0

EMI – Electromagnetic interference measurement (EMI)

Evaluation of the 13-digit identifier for the KFG 242 frequency identification generator and measurement of the interference field strength in connection with the Peilset, consisting of the EMI 240/Y Yagi antenna,EMI 240/V pre-amplifier and EMI 240/K adapter cable, or with the EMI 241 antenna.
Other antenna sets can be userde fined.

Measuring range
3–103 dBµV/m (with EMI 241)
5–105 dBµV/m (with EMI 240)
Resolution: 0.1 dB
Measuring accuracy: ± 1.5 dB (at 20 °C) / ± 2.0 dB (0 °C–40 °C)

Optical receiver (VAROS 107 Optic)

Connector: SC/APC (with protective cap)
Wavelength (Lambda): 1,260–1,620 nm (no optical filter)
Max. optical input power: +8 dBm (continous power)
Return loss: > 40 dB
Equivalent Input Noise (ON): < 8 pA/√Hz
RF frequency range: 5–2,150 MHz
Input power, nominal: -7 dBm … +3 dBm

Measuring parameters
Optical power: -35 dBm to +9 dBm
Wavelength (calibrated): 1,310 nm, 1,490 nm, 1,550 nm
Resolution: 0.1 dB
Measuring accuracy: ± 0.35 dB

Optical modulation index (OMI): individual OMI and total OMI
Resolution: 0.1%
Measuring accuracy: ± 10 % (of displayed value)

Tuning memory

Memory locations: 200
Memory protection function

Upstream signal generator

Generating test signals to feed, into the reverse channel for evaluation of reverse channel perfomance.

Number of carriers
1 or 4 (all CW or all modulated)

Upstream modulator
Modulation scheme OFF: (CW), QPSK, 16 QAM, 64 QAM, 256 QAM
Symbol rates: 320, 640, 1,280, 2,560, 5,120 kSymb/s
Data content: PRBS
Transmission: 65–115 dBµV / Resolution 1 dB / Measuring accuracy ± 1.5 dB
Transmitting frequency: 5–65 MHz / Resolution 100 kHz

MER: ≥ 43 dB

Remote supply

via RF input
Voltage: 5 V – only at EMI measurement
Current up to 100 mA (short circuit-proof) hinzufügen

Power supply

External 12 V – 11–15 V DC max. 3.0 A
or external primary power supply 12 V/3 A (included in delivery) via extra-low voltage jack according to DIN 45323
Power consumption: max. 36 W

Storage battery – Li-Ion batterypack 7.2 V/10.1 Ah
Operating time: approx. 4.5 hours (dependant up on the LNB load), automatic cutout as protection against exhaustive discharge
Charging time: approx. 4.5 hours
Battery management
Battery via 12 V external supply

Environmental conditions

Operating temperature: 0 °C to +45 °C
Storage temperature: −10 °C to +55 °C
Battery charging temperature: +15 °C to +35 °C

Electromagnetic compatibility

Per EN 61000-6-2 and EN 61000-6-3

Protection

Per EN 61010-1

Dimensions

Widht: 206 mm
Height: 297 mm
Depth: 84 mm

Weight

Approx. 2.5 kg with battery pack

Quantity of delivery

  • Transport case

  • IEC measuring cable 75 Ω

  • Power supply and external power cable

  • USB stick

  • Optical cable SC/APC → SC/APC (only VAROS 107 Beta)

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